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Glossary S

Sale price

The price at which a fund offers to sell one unit of its scheme to investors. This NAV is grossed up with the entry load applicable, if any.

Scheme Objective

The purpose statement consisting of the goal and the avenues of investment released by the fund.

Sector Allocation

It refers to the portion of assets of a fund which is invested in a particular well-defined segment of the economy, like Information Technology, pharmaceuticals, utilities, media, telecommunications, etc.

Sector Funds

Sector Funds are mutual funds that are established to focus and invest in the stocks of specific sectors of the economy, such as pharmaceuticals, chemicals, or information technology. This is normally specified in the offer document of the funds. Such funds invest only in stocks belonging to a specific industry usually aimed at growth. Sector funds are generally considered to be risky in nature.

Security

Generally, an instrument evidencing debt of or equity in a corporation in which a person invests. The term includes notes, stocks, bonds, debentures or other forms of negotiable and non-negotiable evidences of indebtedness or ownership.

Sharpe Ratio

The Sharpe ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of a fund. Simply put, the ratio measures the variability of ' excess returns' (defined by returns of the fund over the 'risk less' security). Mathematically, the formula takes a fund's return in excess of a risk-free investment and divides this by the standard deviation of the returns. The higher the Sharpe ratio, the better the fund.

Sinking Fund

Money regularly set aside in a separate fund and invested by a company for the repayment of debt instruments (fixed deposits, debentures, other loans) or the redemption of preference shares, or for replacement of assets.

Sponsors

Sponsor is the parent organization that contributes the initial capital of the asset management company (AMC). A sponsor is the person who, acting alone or in combination with another body or corporate, establishes a mutual fund and applies to SEBI for its registration. The sponsor is also closely associated with the AMC. As per SEBI regulations, the sponsor has to contribute a minimum of 40% of the net worth of the AMC.

Standard Deviation

Standard deviation is one of the most common measure used in the assessment of a mutual fund scheme. As the term suggests, it measures the deviation of a portfolios returns from the funds average or mean returns over a period of time. In essence, it signifies the possible range within which the funds returns can swing. The two extreme values can be ascertained by adding and subtracting the standard deviation from the funds average return.

Switching

Transferring from one scheme to another in a group of schemes operated by a Mutual Fund, where the rules so permit. A switching fee may or may not be charged.

SWOT Analysis

A type of fundamental analysis of the health of a company by examining its strengths(S), weakness (W), business opportunity (O), and any threat (T) or dangers it might be exposed to.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)/ Recurring investment

A program that allows an investor to provide post-dated cheques to the mutual fund to allot fresh units at specified intervals (usually monthly or quarterly). On the specified dates, the cheques are realized by the mutual fund and additional units at the prevailing NAV are allotted to the investor. This enables him to invest as little as Rs 1000 a month and take advantage of rupee cost averaging.

Systematic Transfer Plan (STP)

A plan that allows the investor to give a mandate to the fund to periodically and systematically transfer a certain amount from one scheme to another.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)/Recurring withdrawal

A plan offered with some schemes under which post-dated cheques for fixed amounts (as may be fixed by the fund) are issued to the investors for monthly, bi-monthly or quarterly withdrawals. The withdrawals are as per the requirements of the investor specified by him/ her at the time of investment.